This type of training had many names, for example, in Okinawan Karate, as a part of “Hojo Undo (supplementary exercises) they are referred to as Nigiri Game, or gripping jars. The fellow above is from 1906, and seems to have things pretty well taken care of in the grip department from using this exercise.
In the akharas (wrestling gyms) these traditional implements are decorated in many unique ways. Some are painted with lively decorative patterns, others, used only by the most skilled masters, are studded with nails. Some of these decorative Indian clubs weigh as much as 35kg (about pounds.)
Every culture has it’s own “meaning” for strength. Here are a few interesting pictures from a stone lifting contest held at the 7th National Ethnic Games in Yinchuan, Northwest China’s Ningxia Province which took place in 2003.
At the games, which are held every four years like the Olympics, over 3,700 ethnic athletes from 34 delegations competed.
The rules of the stone lifting contest are a bit unlike most stone lifting contests you probably have ever heard of… these Tibetan giants lift the stones any way they can, usually to hold in their arms, placed on shoulders or put up on their backs.
From there, they walk along in a circular path and the one who walks the most circles wins.
The stone pictured was said to weigh 160 kg (352 lbs.).